Skepticism is the belief that knowledge of reality is impossible and that man lacks any rational basis for certainty or confidence in what he thinks he knows. By undercutting the efficacy of reason, skepticism forces us to fall back on emotion, tradition, the authority of the church, mystical revelation and non-rational philosophies in order to make our personal and political choices.
June 1985 -- A cardinal principle of Objectivist metaphysics is the primacy of existence which asserts that there is one objective world, which exists independently of consciousness. This fact is irreducible and does not have to be proved because existence is the fundamental self-evident truth that lies at the foundation of all knowledge.

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