Now available on Audible, iTunes, and Amazon: the audiobook versions of Unrugged Individualism: The Selfish Basis of Benevolence (by David Kelley) and The Best Work of the Best Minds: Business Ethics and Value Creation, by Stephen Hicks. 


Unrugged Individualism: The Selfish Basis of Benevolence by David Kelley, founder of The Atlas Societyunrugged individualism objectivism david kelley ayn rand

What is the nature of benevolence toward other people? How does it differ from altruism? Is it a major or minor virtue? How does it relate to the benevolent sense of life? David Kelley answers these questions in a groundbreaking work first published in 1996 and revised in 2003. Unrugged Individualism is the first philosophical analysis of benevolence from the Objectivist point of view, a major addition to the Objectivist ethics, and a convincing demonstration of the fertility of the system of ideas originated by Ayn Rand.

Praise for Unrugged Individualism:

“I found David Kelley's Unrugged Individualism fascinating and provocative.”
—Lester Hunt, professor of philosophy, University of Wisconsin-Madison

"In his superb monograph on benevolence as a necessary Objectivist virtue, Dr. Kelley beautifully fills a major gap in the Objectivist ethics. It is a much needed contribution. Every Objectivist needs to study this essay."
—Nathaniel Branden, author of The Psychology of Self-Esteem and The Six Pillars of Self-Esteem

"Benevolence is one of Ayn Rand's most intriguing concepts. David Kelley's careful and comprehensive analysis of the nature and implications of benevolence is a memorable contribution to the study of Rand's ideas and individualist ideas in general."
—Stephen Cox, professor of literature, University of San Diego

About David Kelley:
David Kelley earned his Ph.D. in philosophy from Princeton University in 1975, and later taught cognitive science and philosophy at Vassar College and Brandeis University. His articles on social issues and public policy have appeared in Harper's, The Sciences, Reason, Harvard Business Review, The Freeman, and elsewhere. His books include The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand; The Evidence of the Senses; and The Art of Reasoning, one of the most widely used logic textbooks in the country. Kelley is founder and chief intellectual officer of The Atlas Society.

The Best Work of the Best Minds: Business Ethics and Value Creation, by Stephen Hicksbest work best minds stephen r hicks

In this thoughtful essay philosophy professor and entrepreneur Stephen Hicks takes a critical look at unquestioned assumptions in the arena of business ethics.


In the eyes of many a cloud of suspicion hangs over business.

The reason is that the moral tradition out of which the competence ethic of business arises conflicts with a competing moral tradition that holds business to be immoral or, at best, amoral. For those who subscribe to this latter moral tradition, ethics is felt to be more a matter of stoically doing one's duty rather than having fun, of fulfilling one's obligations rather than fulfilling yourself, of obeying the rules rather than doing what's practical, of giving away rather than creating. Stooping to stereotypes, if this tradition's view of ethics could be personified, she would appear as a matron who goes about sniffing disapprovingly at anyone who seems to be having a good time. Having a good time means self-indulgence—but, she would declare, we are not here to have a good time; we are here to serve others, to be stewards for future generations, to be nice, to take up as little space in the world as possible. Above all, she would continue, we are here to sacrifice selflessly—to society as a whole, to God, for the greatest happiness of the greatest number, to Duty, to the working class, to the ecosystem."

About Stephen Hicks:

Stephen Hicks, Ph.D. is Professor of Philosophy at Rockford University and the Executive Director of the Center for Ethics and Entrepreneurship. He received his honours B.A. and M.A. degrees from the University of Guelph, Canada, and his Ph.D. in philosophy from Indiana University, Bloomington. Hicks is the author of numerous essays in magazines and scholarly journals. He’s also the author of Explaining Postmodernism: Skepticism and Socialism from Rousseau to Foucault (Scholargy, 2004; expanded edition 2011), the documentary and book Nietzsche and the Nazis (Ockham’s Razor, 2010), and the co-editor of The Art of Reasoning: Readings for Logical Analysis (W. W. Norton & Co., 1998).